- Salsa was the rhythm of this decade. Cortijo’s group disintegrated, but it gave the way to El Gran Combo, with Rafael Ithier as its director.
- Some of the maximum talents of salsa in New York who were hitting their stride in this period were Ray Barreto, Tito Puente, Eddie Palmieri, Héctor Lavoy, Willie Rosario, Willie Colón, and Tito Nieves. Soon after came Mark Anthony and La India. Gilberto Santa Rosa and Victor Manuelle began to stand out in this period.
- Latino music promotion companies were formed, such as Alegro Records, Fania Records, and RMM.
- Don Pablo Casals (1977) and Pedro Flores (1979) both died during this decade.
- The Nueva Trova movement. In these years, Tony Croatto and groups like Haciendo Punto en Otro Son managed to recapture the legacy of traditional Puerto Rican music.
- La Familia Ayala y la Cepeda continued with their folkloric ballets, as did many other groups. Notwithstanding, la Familia Sanabria, José Nogueras, Pedro Guzmán y su Jíbaro Jazz, Los Pleneros del Quinto Olivo, among others, pushed against the sea and sky in maintaining their musical traditions. Andrés Jiménez was committed with folk music.
In the last 50 years, only three danzas have achieved notable fame, and two of these were from the 1970s: “Tu vives en mi pensamiento” by Eladio Torres and “Verde Luz” by Antonio Cabán Vale. Both composers revived danza with performers of international repute: Danny Rivera, Marco Antonio Muñiz, Ruth Fernández, Cheo Feliciano, and the Orquestra Filarmónica de Puerto Rico. The commitment to bolero continued to be the life mission of Puerto Rican artists of that genre. Among those who distinguished themselves in bolero were Chucho Avellanet, Julio Angel, and Danny Rivera. Merengue was popular during this period. In rock, Roy Brown and Noel Hernández were the first Puerto Rican rockers to compose original music in Spanish. Wilkins and Glenn Monroig were also popular in this period. The boy band Menudo achieved international fame.